SP Baseload Power price (€/MWh)

SP Peak load Power price (€/MWh)

EUA price (€/t)

MIBGas price (€/MWh)

Coal Price ($/Tn)

Gas efficiency: 52%

Coal efficiency: 38%

Gas vs. Coal Price (€/MWh)

Gas efficiency: 52%

Coal efficiency: 38%

Clean Spark Spread – Baseload (€/MWh)

Clean Spark Spread – Peak load (€/MWh)

Clean Dark Spread – Baseload (€/MWh)

Clean Dark Spread – Peak load (€/MWh)

April 2022

Market Analysis

Spot and short-term contracts: This last month has been quite hectic in terms of Spain regulatory matters. Following the meeting held by all EU members in Brussels on 24-25 March, Spain published a package of measures/amendments on electricity charges and tolls plus aid for renewables in its Official Journal, and the European Commission granted the « Iberian singularity » status to the Spanish and Portuguese electricity markets. Daily electricity demand averaged 653 GWh in April, down by 5% m-o-m, thanks to the impact of the Easter holidays period and milder temperatures that gradually settled in, especially during week 15. These fundamentals have also been the main drivers for the behaviour of electricity prices this past month. For instance, the highest price of the month was recorded on 4th April, coinciding with the rather cold temperatures in Spain. In Europe, gas prices remained at almost the same level as at the end of the previous month, just slightly little lower. This, combined with the continuation of warmer temperatures, kept overall electricity prices in Europe quite stable during the first half of the month, while slightly decreasing them towards the end. Thus, gas prices in European countries have fallen by 20% compared to the previous month (March). On the generation side, wind, CCGTs and cogeneration production were down by 2 percentage points each when compared to the previous month, an amount which has been transferred in April to solar output. Wind power production decreased from 6.5 TWh to 5.5 TWh, down by a total 1000 GWh in April. Solar energy, photovoltaic and thermal output increased to a total of 3 TWh, with 9 days registering values above the 120 GWh mark. On 17th April, Easter Sunday, solar PV generation reached a peak of almost 13.5 GWh which, together with the collapse in electricity demand on that day, brought about the first PV curtailment ever seen in Spain. In fact, solar power output covered 62.5% of the national electricity demand, bringing wholesale prices down from 168.5 EUR/MWh to just 3.7 EUR/MWh. Renewable energy generation has been subject to these adjustment mechanisms since 2015 but had mostly affected wind power production. Finally, CCGTs generated on average 106.9 GWh per day in April, down by almost 20 GWh m-o-m. The rest of the technologies have remained stable in terms of their production. Furthermore, the energy mix of renewables versus non-renewables in April rose by 9% when compared to the previous month, reaching 50%-50%, mainly due to the reduction in electricity demand absorbed entirely by the non-production of non-renewable sources. After the strong explosion of gas prices experienced in Europe at the beginning of March when the Russia-Ukraine war broke out (with a maximum value of 214.36 EUR/MWh registered at COB of 7 March), the price of Spanish gas (MIBGas) seems to have stabilised, closing the month at 75.55 EUR/MWh. In mid-April, a significant drop in prices – of around 30 euros/MWh – was observed, reaching a low of 55.13 EUR/MWh on 17th April. This decrease in prices was due to a combination of several reasons: a) rising temperatures, b) more solar power output, hence reducing the need for gas for electricity generation and, c) the redirection of several LNG cargoes to Europe as confinement decreed in several cities in China to curb Covid-19 contagions reduced gas consumption in the Asian country. Regarding EUAs contracts, prices remained below the 80 EUR/Tn mark for most of April, rising slightly – by 6% – in the second half of the month. Very similar to the rise of coal prices during the same time interval, where it exceeded the 300 USD/Tn mark. After the strong peak reached on the outbreak of the war at the beginning of March, API2 Cal23 contract stabilised until the beginning of April at a price of around 180 USD/Tn. It rose slightly again on 5 April when Europe announced its plan to cut off the supply of Russian coal after its latest military attacks on Ukraine. From then on, coal prices kept rising, averaging 228 USD/Tn. To finish with the news, the main piece affecting Spain came at the beginning of April, when Brussels agreed to cap the price of gas. Although negotiations are still ongoing to reach the final action plan, it was already announced that the gas price limit will start at 40 EUR/MWh and evolve towards 50 EUR/MWh by the end of the 12-month market intervention period. Although this is higher than the price of 30 EUR/MWh initially proposed by Spain and Portugal, it is still expected to benefit 40% of the domestic consumers – those subject to regulated tariffs – and up to 80% of industrial electricity consumers with reductions in their electricity bills. Brussels has also indicated that electricity exports to the neighbouring country (France) will be made at the same reference price as in mainland Spain so as not to interfere in the internal market. In return, the EC has committed to improve interconnections between Spain and Portugal. Medium- and long-term contracts: If in 2021 energy prices were extraordinarily high, they are set to follow suit in 2022. To a large extent, prices are already fixed across Europe through long-term contracts and price regulations. The electrification of households and vehicles will lead to increased demand for electricity. At the same time, the growing concern to reduce the carbon footprint of energy use will increase the cost of pollution in the European CO2 market. In addition, gas and coal prices are at cyclical peaks, which will lead to higher energy prices. The Spanish electricity price for 2023 (OMIP Cal23) hovered around 137 EUR/MWh at the beginning of April, reaching a peak of 150 EUR/MWh during the third weekend of the month. However, this trend changed, returning to the values of the beginning of the month after the preliminary agreement was announced by Brussels.  Furthermore, April closed with a price of 135.5 EUR/MWh, which leads us to believe that it will continue its downward trend for some more time. The prospect of higher Norwegian gas production this summer will put some downward pressure on gas prices. However, Russia’s decision to cut off supplies to Poland and Bulgaria for not agreeing to pay them in roubles has put pressure on prices on the long-term curve. In this case, Spain, though slightly dependent on Russian gas, is directly affected by it. The MIBGas price of Cal23, for example, which showed values of c. 56 EUR/MWh in February, rose by more than 20% in March and continued to rise in April to reach a maximum of 85 EUR/MWh. There are two main reasons for this increase: 1) Although Spain has 6 LNG regasification plants, the largest portfolio in Europe, nowadays replenished, and so, it´s situation when compared to other European countries is better; in the long term, when these plants need to be replenished, the selling price will be high. 2) The other European gas consuming countries are looking for other sources of supply. Thus, because of « supply-demand », the other gas supplying countries have raised their prices accordingly, affecting Spain. Forecasts from markets analysts are expecting that, in the medium term, the price of natural gas will soar, doubling the gas bill when compared to what we are currently paying.

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Expérience professionnelle

Céline, jeune active dynamique, a fait ses premiers pas dans le monde du travail dans le domaine du tourisme en tant que community manager au Loups du Gévaudan, en Lozère. En rejoignant l’équipe HES en novembre 2021, elle a souhaité diversifier ses connaissances : se former dans le secteur énergétique, se spécialiser dans les stratégies marketing afin de développer les relations clients de l’entreprise ; tout en approfondissant ses compétences en coordination et gestion de projets.


Céline est diplômée d’une double licence Espagnole – Anglais en Langue, Littérature et Civilisation Etrangère à la Sorbonne IV (2018). Elle a aussi obtenu un Master II en Direction de Projets ou Etablissements Culturel, spécialité Tourisme International. Elle a également étudié à l’étranger, à University of London (Angleterre) et Universidad de Morón (Argentine).

Céline Haya Sauvage

Responsable Marketing

« La décarbonisation des secteurs de l’énergie et des transports est sans doute aujourd’hui le principal moteur économique de l’industrie. »

Expérience professionnelle

Il a débuté sa carrière dans le génie civil en tant que chef de projet en France, en Martinique et en Australie. Par la suite, il devient directeur général d’une filiale au Venezuela. En 1992, il crée une filale pour Dalkia en Allemagne (chauffage urbain, cogénération et partenariats) et représente Véolia en Thaïlande. En 2000, il a ouvert le bureau commercial d’Endesa en France pour profiter de la libéralisation du marché de détail. A partir de 2006, en tant que responsable du développement chez Endesa France, il a dirigé le plan d’Endesa pour la production à cycle combiné gaz en France et a simultanément développé le portefeuille éolien et photovoltaïque de la Snet. Philippe Boulanger a ensuite travaillé pendant 3 ans au siège d’E.ON pour coordonner les activités de l’entreprise en France. Il a été fortement impliqué dans le projet français de renouvellement de la concession hydroélectrique. En tant que Senior Vice President – Project Director chez Solvay Energy Services d’avril 2012 à février 2014, il était en charge des projets de déploiement H2/Power to gas et d’accès direct au marché européen. Philippe est un expert pour HES depuis 2014.


Philippe Boulanger est ingénieur diplômé de l’Ecole Polytechnique et de l’Ecole Nationale des Ponts & Chaussées (France) et possède une expérience combinée de plus de 25 ans en énergie et infrastructures. En plus de l’anglais, M. Boulanger parle couramment le français, l’allemand et l’espagnol.

Philippe Boulanger

Electricity Expert

« Le monde est en train de changer. De nouveaux investisseurs accordent une attention particulière au secteur de l’énergie alors que les acteurs historiques adaptent leur position sur le marché. »

Expérience professionnelle

Antonio a commencé sa carrière dans le secteur de l’électricité en 1991 en tant que membre de l’équipe du directeur général de Sevillana de Electricidad (Espagne). En 1997, il était responsable de la réglementation commerciale chez Endesa Distribution. En 2000, il rejoint le département M&A européen d’Endesa. Il a été nommé CEO d’Endesa Power Trading Ltd en 2003. En 2004, il devient Directeur de la gestion de l’énergie de la SNET (France) et en 2008, il est nommé Directeur Général de cette société. En 2009, il a occupé le poste de Directeur du Développement Entreprise d’E.ON France. En 2011, il a fondé Haya Energy Solutions (HES), une société de conseil qui aide les entreprises à optimiser leur chaîne de valeur : de la définition de la stratégie aux opérations quotidiennes, en s’appuyant sur une solide expérience et une bonne compréhension de l’industrie de l’énergie. De 2015 à 2018, Antonio a été Président de Celest qui opère 2 CCGT françaises (420MW chacune), détenues par KKR. Fin 2018, il rejoint Asterion Industrial Partners, un fonds d’investissement dédié aux infrastructures, en tant que partenaire opérationnel.


Ingénieur industriel de l’Ecole Supérieure d’Ingénieurs de Séville (Espagne) et titulaire d’un MBA de Deusto (Espagne).

Antonio Haya