Gas interruptibility: the end of a long saga?

December 2019 saw the publication of an impressive number of texts regarding the natural gas sector regulation in France… After the Energy Regulatory Commission (CRE) deliberated on transmission and storage tariffs proposals effective 1 April 2020 (ATRT7 and ATS2), as well as the distribution tariffs proposals effective 1 July 2020 (ATRD6) – all applicable for the next four years – the government published the decision concerning natural gas consumption interruptibility, as well as a decision specifying the maximum total volume of guaranteed interruptibility contracts, on 19 December.

These decisions are the result of a long process, initiated by the Energy Transition and Green Growth Act (LTECV) of August 2015… It took over four years of drafts and successive turnarounds to reach the publication of these texts! But is this really the last word in this saga?

Not really… Indeed, the CRE took care to specify, in its ATRT7 deliberation of 12 December, that it ‘considers that extending the collection basis of the storage compensation tariff component to include customers connected to the transmission network is desirable provided that the interruptibility schemes described in Articles L. 431-6-2 and L. 431-6-3 of the energy code are implemented. The CRE underlines that, once the applicable regulatory texts on interruptibility have been published, it will take a minimum of 12 months to ensure the contractualisation of interruptible capacities for network users.

Another year of waiting, then… and with the ATS regulation taking effect every year on 1 April, the objective will now be to avoid missing the deadline of 1 April 2021!

In the meantime, a succinct summary of the decisions in question might be helpful:

  1. Guaranteed interruptibility

Guaranteed interruptibility can be contractualised by transmission system operators (TSOs) only, with approved natural gas consumers, up to the limits of volumes to be contractualised set by the decision of the minister in charge of energy. A A natural gas consumer connected to a transmission network undertakes to offer to the network’s operator, throughout the entire year, the flexibility required to face forced unavailabilities of gas supply in exchange for a compensation, and TSOs (GRTgaz and Teréga) are putting out calls for tenders.  The other decision published last December specifies the maximum total volume of these interruptibility contracts, set at 48,000 MWh per day for contracts entered into by GRTgaz, and 2,000 MWh per day for contracts entered into by Teréga. This is half as much as was foreseen in the draft decision submitted to the French High Council on Energy (CSE) in July 2019, while the draft of the Programmation Pluriannuelle de l’Energie [multi-year energy programme] (PPE) recommends 200 GWh/day in 2023 as its target for developing the interruptibility of natural gas consumption…

So there’s still some room for manoeuvre! By the same token, as regards the levels of remuneration (under a call for tenders), the decision specifies: ‘the request for compensation must be less than or equal to 80 euros per megawatt-hour per day per year of interruptible capacity.’ This is a low level, set ex-ante, that corresponds to the estimated cost of a similar service provided by potential strategic storages…

  1. Secondary interruptibility

Secondary interruptibility contracts are an additional scheme, less constrictive and more widely accessible than the first one, which allows TSOs as well as DNOs to contractualise interruptible capacities, this time without remuneration.

Open to all sites (including District Heating), ‘secondary’ interruptibility will, on the other hand, allow approved sites to be exempt from storage compensation.

In terms of Distribution, this approach will replace the current PUG (gas emergency plan) and load shedding mechanism. It will be implemented on 1 April this year. As for Transmission, all of the sites are currently exempt from storage compensation. But in its recently-published ATRT7 decision, the CRE stated: ‘The CRE considers that extending the collection of the storage compensation tariff component to include customers connected to the transmission network is desirable provided that the interruptibility schemes described in Articles L. 431-6-2 and L. 431-6-3 of the energy code are implemented.’ So now it’s a done deal!

  1. Storage Contribution for all?

In principle, extending storage compensation to sites in the context of Transmission will occur before 1 April 2021. Even if the CRE plans to change the definition of winter modulation for subscription customers to a formula based on the difference between average winter consumption (and not daily capacity, corresponding to peak consumption needs) and the average annual consumption of these customers, the extension of storage compensation to transmission sites promises to be problematic for many sites that will be unable to declare themselves available for ‘secondary’ interruptibility, particularly CCGTs.

However, Article 26 of the new interruptibility decision offers an interesting alternative to electricity producers:

‘The elegible consumer for a consumption site connected to the gas transmission network using natural gas to produce electricity may decide to opt for alternative interruptibility modalities if the secondary transmission interruptibility scheme is activated on a gas day, within the meaning of the EU Commission Regulation (EU) no. 312/2014 of 26 March 2014 mentioned above, in line with the peak period PP2 mentioned in Article R. 335-1 of the energy code.

With these alternative modalities:

  1. The consumption of the site connected to the gas transmission network using natural gas to produce electricity between 6:30 a.m. and 8:30 p.m. on this gas day is less than or equal to the firm capacity subscribed for the transmission of gas to the point of delivery to which the consumption site is connected;
  2. The consumption of the site connected to the gas transmission network using natural gas to produce electricity during the remainder of the gas day is less than or equal to the maximum of the following two values: [a] 5% of the firm capacity subscribed for the transmission of gas to the point of delivery to which the consumption site is connected and [b] the difference between this firm capacity subscribed and the interruptible capacity under contractual obligation multiplied by 2.1.

The contribution of electricity producers to replenishing the linepack – the volume of gas that can be “stored” in a gas pipeline – overnight (outside peak hours) has therefore been recognised!

It should be noted that the Short-Notice Interruptible Transmission (IAPC) tariff option, which currently benefits certain gas-fired combined-cycle power stations (CCGTs), will be terminated on 1 April 2020… With an estimated annual cost of this loss in the order of €1.7 M per 400 MW power generation unit, we can expect to see the power stations concerned putting pressure in order to benefit from the provision included in the IAPC tariff option until this point, that being ‘the termination of this optional offering is subject to a minimum notice period of four years.’ The saga continues…

Philippe Lamboley

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Diego graduated in Political Economy at King’s College University (London – 2021). He started his professional career in a family business in Madrid as an operations manager. Diego then studied a Master in Management and Master in Computer Science at IE University (Madrid – 2022), during which he participated as an Information Technology (IT) intern in a startup. In May 2023, Diego joined the HES team as an intern specialised in programming models. In his first project, he developed a software tool for modelling the unavailability of the French nuclear fleet. Afterwards, Diego has also participated in the development of new software tools for modelling price curves, generation asset performance and other topics related to the energy market. 

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Céline joined Haya Energy Solutions in November 2021 as marketing and administration manager. She had a first professional experience in the tourism sector as a social media manager. At HES, her activities are focused on the development of the company’s visibility at European level through: commercial actions, content marketing and development of brand strategy. Céline is also involved in the management of the company’s communication: optimisation of the website (WordPress & Elementor), LinkedIn, publication of the monthly newsletter and the organisation of conferences. Céline participates in energy projects with the clients and acts as coordinator and project manager. Finally, she is in charge of administration (accounting, expenses management, invoicing).   


Céline graduated in Spanish and English Philology at La Sorbonne (France – 2018) and holds a Master’s degree in Project Management and Cultural Tourism (Clermont-Ferrand/ Buenos Aires – 2021). 

Céline Haya Sauvage

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Céline Sauvage

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“Decarbonization of the Energy and Transport sectors is arguably today’s main economic driver for the industry.”

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His career started in civil engineering as a Project Manager in France, Martinique and Australia. Afterwards, he became the General Manager of a subsidiary in Venezuela. In 1992, he established Dalkia in Germany (district heating, cogeneration, and partnerships) and represented Véolia in Thailand. In 2000, he opened the commercial office of Endesa in France to take advantage of the liberalized retail market. From 2006, as a development Manager at Endesa France, he led Endesa’s plan for Combined Cycle generation in France and developed the wind and PV portfolio of Snet at the same time. Philippe Boulanger worked for 3 years at E.ON’s headquarters coordinating the company´s activities in France. He was strongly involved in the French hydro concession renewal project. As a Senior Vice President – Project Director at Solvay Energy Services from April 2012 to February 2014 he was in charge of the H2/Power to gas and European direct market access deployment projects. Philippe has been an HES expert since 2014.


Philippe Boulanger holds engineering degrees both from the Ecole Polytechnique and the Ecole Nationale des Ponts & Chaussées (France) and has a combined experience of more than 25 years in energy and infrastructure. In addition to English, Mr. Boulanger is fluent in French, German & Spanish.

Philippe Boulanger

Electricity Expert


“The world is changing. New investors pay particular attention to the energy sector while historical actors adapt their position to the market.”

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Antonio started his career in the electricity sector in 1991 working as a member of the General Manager’s team at Sevillana de Electricidad (Spain). In 1997, he was appointed head of commercial regulation at Endesa Distribución. In 2000, he joined the mergers and acquisitions (M&A) department of Endesa Europe. He was appointed Managing Director of Endesa Power Trading Ltd (UK) in 2003. A year later, he became responsible for energy management at SNET (France). In 2008, he was appointed Managing Director of SNET (France). In 2009, he became Director of Corporate Development at E.ON France. In 2011, he founded Haya Energy Solutions (HES), a consulting firm focused on optimising the energy management of consumers, producers and retailers of gas and electricity. From 2015 to 2018, Antonio combined the consulting activity at HES with the general management of 2 production facilities in France (2 CCGTs x 410MW), owned by KKR. At the end of 2018, he joined Asterion Industrial Partners, an infrastructure investment fund, as an operating partner. Antonio currently devotes most of his efforts to the Asterion Portfolio, while advising through HES companies in the energy sector in France, Italy, Germany, UK and Spain. 


Antonio graduated from the Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros of Seville (Spain) and holds an MBA degree from Deusto University (Spain). 

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