The other Electricity Cash Cow, the Capacity Mechanism

The capacity mechanism is a cornerstone of the French national energy independence. With the deployment of renewable generation and the decision to phase out coal and fuel-oil generation, matched with ageing nuclear powerplants, the need made itself felt in the early 2010’s to ensure enough capacity was available during peak hours to avoid system failures.

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Industrial ESG

For quite some time now, ESG (Environmental, Social and Governance) has been spotted in different business sectors. Industrial ESG is developed towards adding to the benefits within the industry. By gaining a deeper insight of these measures, the major drivers for the implementation of an ESG strategies are the social, environmental, and economic impact they can

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Open, CBAM!

On 13 December, in an enthusiastic press release, the European Commission welcomed the political agreement reached on the same day between the European Parliament and the European Council on the Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM), better known by its Irish acronym CBAM, whose principle is to tax the carbon content of imports. According to the

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Commission’s proposal on the electricity market reform (Part 3): liberals score a point

Following the public consultation held from 23/01/2023 to 13/02/2023, and during which Member States positioned themselves between two clearly defined sides, with radically opposed views (see our Newsletter from March: Electricity market reform (Part 2) : liberals strike back), on March 14th 2023, the European Commission published its initial proposal for the reform of the

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Each month, one of our experts publishes an article describing his view on a specific topic of the constant changes taking place in the energy market, with special focus on the French market.

Investment Advice

“Decarbonization of the Energy and Transport sectors is arguably today’s main economic driver for the industry.”

Profesional Experience

His career started in civil engineering as a Project Manager in France, Martinique and Australia. Afterwards, he became the General Manager of a subsidiary in Venezuela. In 1992, he established Dalkia in Germany (district heating, cogeneration, and partnerships) and represented Véolia in Thailand. In 2000, he opened the commercial office of Endesa in France to take advantage of the liberalized retail market. From 2006, as a development Manager at Endesa France, he led Endesa’s plan for Combined Cycle generation in France and developed the wind and PV portfolio of Snet at the same time. Philippe Boulanger worked for 3 years at E.ON’s headquarters coordinating the company´s activities in France. He was strongly involved in the French hydro concession renewal project. As a Senior Vice President – Project Director at Solvay Energy Services from April 2012 to February 2014 he was in charge of the H2/Power to gas and European direct market access deployment projects. Philippe has been an HES expert since 2014.


Philippe Boulanger holds engineering degrees both from the Ecole Polytechnique and the Ecole Nationale des Ponts & Chaussées (France) and has a combined experience of more than 25 years in energy and infrastructure. In addition to English, Mr. Boulanger is fluent in French, German & Spanish.

Philippe Boulanger

Electricity Expert


“The world is changing. New investors pay particular attention to the energy sector while historical actors adapt their position to the market.”

Profesional Experience

Antonio started his career in the electricity sector in 1991 working as a member of staff for the General Manager of Sevillana de Electricidad (Spain). In 1997, he was in charge of the commercial regulation at Endesa Distribution. In 2000, he joined Endesa’s European M&A department. He was appointed CEO of Endesa Power Trading Ltd in 2003. He became Head of Energy Management for SNET, France, in 2004 and was appointed CEO of this company in 2008. In 2009, he held the position of Head of Corporate Development for E.ON France. In 2011, he founded Haya Energy Solutions (HES), a consulting firm which assists companies in optimizing their value chain: from strategy definition to day-to-day operations, based on a strong experience and understanding of the energy industry. From 2015 to 2018, Antonio was Chairman and CEO of 2 French CCGTs (2x410MW), owned by KKR. At the end of 2018, he joined Asterion Industrial Partners, a dedicated infrastructure investment fund, as an Operating Partner.


Antonio graduated from the Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros of Seville (Spain) and holds an MBA degree from Deusto University (Spain).

Antonio Haya